Calendar DateNanakshahi EventNanakshahi Date
05 Jan 2018Prakash Gurpurab Sri Guru Hari Rai Sahib ji 16 Magh 549
29 Jan 2018Prakash Gurpurab Sri Guru Hari Rai Sahib ji16 Magh 549
15-Mar-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Harirai ji02 Chet 550
18-Mar-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Amardas ji05 Chet 550
21-Mar-18Jyoti Jyot Gurpurab Guru Angad Dev ji08 Chet 550
22-Mar-18Jyoti Jyot Gurpurab Guru Hargobind ji, Panchami09 Chet 550
29-Mar-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Teg Bahadur ji, Jyoti Jyot Gurpurab Guru Harikrishan ji16 Chet 550
05-Apr-18Prakash Gurpurab Guru Teg Bahadur ji23 Chet 550
07-Apr-18Prakash Gurpurab Guru Arjan Dev ji25 Chet 550
16-Apr-18Masya, Prakash Gurpurab Guru Angad Dev ji03 Vaisakh 550
29-Apr-18Prakash Gurpurab Guru Amardas ji16 Vaisakh 550
08-May-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Hargobind ji25 Vaisakh 550
17-Jun-18Shaheedi Jor Mela (Sri Guru Arjan Dev ji), Jyoti Jyot Shaheedi Gurpurab Guru Arjan Dev ji03 Harh 550
29-Jun-18Barsi Maharaja Ranjit Singh ji, Prakash Gurpurab Guru Hargobind ji15 Harh 550
06-Aug-18Prakash Gurpurab Guru Harikrishan ji22 Sawan 550
10-Sep-18Pehla Prakash Gurpurab Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji25 Bhadon 550
11-Sep-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Arjan Dev ji26 Bhadon 550
12-Sep-18Jyoti Jyot Gurpurab Guru Ramdas ji27 Bhadon 550
22-Sep-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Ramdas ji06 Assu 550
25-Sep-18Mela Govindwaal Sahib, Puranmashi, Jyoti Jyot Gurpurab Guru Amardas ji09 Assu 550
30-Sep-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Angad Dev ji14 Assu 550
04-Oct-18Jyoti Jyot Gurpurab Guru Nanak Dev ji18 Assu 550
26-Oct-18Prakash Gurpurab Guru Ramdas ji10 Katak 550
02-Nov-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Harikrishan ji, Jyoti Jyot Gurpurab Guru Harirai ji17 Katak 550
09-Nov-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji (Nanded)24 Katak 550
12-Nov-18Jyoti Jyot Gurpurab Guru Gobind Singh ji, Panchami27 Katak 550
23-Nov-18Prakash Gurpurab Guru Nanak Dev ji, Puranmashi08 Maghar 550
10-Dec-18Gurgaddi Gurpurab Guru Gobind Singh ji25 Maghar 550
12-Dec-18Panchami, Jyoti Jyot Shaheedi Gurpurab Guru Teg Bahadur ji27 Maghar 550

Historical Information

Until the 13th of March, 1998, the Sikhs used a lunar calendar to determine their feast days. From 1998 until 2013, Sikhs have used their own Nanakshahi calendar which started on 14 March 1999 Gregorian (1 Chet, year 531 Nanakshahi ) and aligns with the Gregorian calendar as follows. The era (1 Chet 1 Nanakshahi) is the date of the birth of the 1st Guru, Nanak Dev, in the Punjab in 1469. Although there is an obvious relationship with the Hindu Solar Calendar, the Sikh Organisation states that these dates are fixed relative to the Gregorian Calendar. The calendar issue came back into question in 2013.

The Nanakshahi calendar is used for all the Gurupurabs (festivals marking events in the lives of the Gurus) except the birthday of Guru Nanak which continues to be celebrated according to the Hindu Lunar calendar on Katik Poornamashi. Events such as Maghi and Hola Mohalla continue to be celebrated according to the relevant calendars. Some Gurupurabs are considered more significant that others. These are the ones that commonly appear as holidays.

Gurpurabs mark the culmination of Prabhat Pheris, the early morning religious procession which goes around the localities singing shabads (hymns). These pheris generally start three weeks before the festival. Devotees offer sweets and tea when the procession passes their homes. The celebrations start with the three-day akhand path, in which the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy book of the Sikhs) is read continuously from beginning to end without a break. The conclusion of the reading coincides with the day of the festival. The Granth Sahib is also carried in procession on a float decorated with flowers throughout the village or city. Five armed guards, who represent the Panj Pyares, head the procession carrying Nishan Sahibs (the Sikh flag). Local bands play religious music and marching schoolchildren form a special part of the procession. Free sweets and langar (community lunches) are also offered to everyone irrespective of religious faith. Local volunteers serve it with a spirit of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion). Sikhs visit gurdwaras (Sikh temples) where special programmes are arranged and kirtans (religious songs) sung. Houses and gurdwaras are lit up to add to the festivities.